special thanks to Riccardo of Kashima for patiently modelling :-)


1. Wide toothed comb.
2. Stainless steel double ended comb.
3. Cotton Wool.
4. EPI-OTIC, or Leo ear cleanser.
5. Gentle pin brush.
6. Doggy toothpaste from a good pet store or your vet will have some.
7. Doggy toothbrush or soft baby tooth brush.
8. Small scissors with rounded blades.
9. Small canine elastic bands, or soft material hair bands (to tie hair on head, cut or pluck head fur if preferred).
10. Tweezers (to pluck hair out of ears, occasionally, easy job they don’t seem to mind this). Build up gradually with a young pup so as to not frighten him. A little each time you groom your pup, then reward.

11. Cotton wool buds, and cotton wool.
12. Baby wipes. (These are invaluable to clean the rear end, and also to keep the males smelling fresh after going to answer the call of nature!)
13. ‘Resco’ guillotine nail clippers, is my personal choice but there are a number of various nail clippers to buy. (If regularly walked, nails should stay short, but with our small lightweight dogs this isn’t always the case, so do keep a check. If you can’t manage, your vet will clip them for you, if you prefer or your local pet grooming parlour).
14. Nail file – I buy mine from our local D.I.Y. store, it is a small general purpose file, and it works very well for the purpose of filing the dogs claws, which many dogs prefer as opposed to clipping. Filing the claws after clipping just smoothes the rough edges.
15. A good quality shampoo and conditioner - A few examples are : Perfect Coat TEA TREE OIL SHAMPOO AND CONDITIONER, or #1 ALL SYSTEMS Professional Formula Whitening Shampoo, or Groomers Shampoo with Evening Primrose oil, and tropical conditioner.
16. Boric Acid BP solution (see face staining article), for those face stains

It is recommended just spending 15-20 minutes combing through the coat every day for easy care. The Bolognese is a non shedding breed and so therefore any dead fur stays within the coat and needs to be groomed out or it will matt. I groom my dogs in the evening while watching the television and they enjoy that one to one attention that they love so much. Start by cleaning the face - soak a piece of cotton wool in water wiping round the mouth and particularly round the eyes, (see article on face staining) then dry with a dry piece of cotton wool. Cut any fur with a small round ended pair of scissors that may be too close to the eyes. Comb the face fur and the ears and head fur carefully. Comb the ears being careful to comb the underneath of the ear where knots can form.

I always groom my Bolognese as they are on my knee, because I find this the easiest method, and can use both my hands more freely; it is also more comfortable for the dog. Lay your dog on it’s back and clean around the penis or the vulva, and then the anal area with a baby wipe, and then sprinkle with baby talc to freshen.

Groom the tummy with a pin brush then a comb, Note: always groom briskly but gently, being careful to check under the legs where knots can form.

Then groom the legs front and rear, starting with the paws and working up to the top of the legs carefully, holding the root of the fur with one hand and combing with the other hand until any knots or mats are removed; then comb down to the root again. After combing the tail, comb from the bottom up towards the head, a little at a time one hand holding the roots and the other gently combing through. Gently work up one side of your dog, then turn over and work up the other side, and then the back.

After combing through, with either the wide tooth comb or the double ended, making sure that the comb goes right down to the root, brush through with the pin brush. Note: You may prefer to brush briskly through the fur with the pinbrush first before combing, but this is something you will find out on your own dog, whatever works best for you. After the grooming check the rear end of your dog and trim the anal area with a small round ended pair of scissors for hygiene.

Check ears - cleansing with an ear cleanser such as Leo or Epio-tic fluid (ask at your vets, or Pet store) about every 4-6weeks put a couple of drops in each ear then clean the outer ear with cotton wool, and cotton wool buds, never delve into the ear canal. Every couple of months check for fur growing in the ears, it is easy just to pluck out with tweezers or the thumb and first finger, the fur comes out freely, and this will stop the dog from developing ear problems.

Check paws - if the fur is growing long around the pads just cut it back.
The claws – don’t allow them to grow too long, clipping them isn’t too difficult as long as you don’t cut the red quick that can be seen in a white nail, but in a black nail it cannot be seen so if the nails grow long it is perhaps best to see a vet or a local grooming parlour, will deal with this for you. Another good method is to file the claws regularly to keep them trim.

Teeth - clean once a day or at least 3 times a week, this will cut down on vet bills later on for dentistry, and also save your dog from an anaesthetic.

Bathing - Bolognese don’t mind water, (N.B. always groom your Bolognese through before he is bathed, or the coat will matt), just follow the instructions on the shampoo bottle, but do remember to put some cotton wool in the dog’s ears before you start so that the water does not get into the ear. Wet the fur thoroughly, then apply the shampoo and rub well in, being careful not to get any into the eyes. Rinse and shampoo again I use 'Groomers' products for the dogs grooming needs. Now apply the conditioner, spreading evenly around the coat and allow to soak in for a few minutes. Now rinse the fur thoroughly, and don't forget to remove the cotton wool plugs from the ears. In a warm house the dog can be towelled dry by patting the fur gently, don’t rub, and then allowed to run around to dry off, but if the weather is cold do dry with a hair dryer, if showing the dog use a diffuser on the dryer, but if not it isn’t necessary. Your puppy will have been bathed and dried with a hair dryer maybe a few times before he leaves his breeder so he will be used to it. Generally speaking the coat doesn’t hold the dirt for long so constantly bathing it isn’t necessary, and of course regular grooming does help keep it clean. After a walk if the feet are muddy, they don’t mind standing in a bowl of warm water just to rinse off the dirt, then a quick towel dry.

Carina is a small puppy, so fits nicely into the bathroom sink. Remember to make sure the water is not too hot, and with a puppy keep talking and reassuring all the time.
I use the blue 'Groomers' shampoos with Evening Primrose Oil in, and I also like their conditioners.

Pretty as a picture now!
Carina shows off her clean face:-)

"Yes that really is me in the bath - Now look at me"
'Carina is 12 weeks'

Fleas - ‘Frontline’ obtainable from your vet will ensure your dog will not catch fleas for up to 2 or 3months, depending on which size is used. It is strongly recommended; the ‘Frontline’ keeps working even when the dog has been bathed. There are varying strengths and one especially formulated for puppies, so your vet will advise you as to which is the best one for your dog. There are other products, so be advised again by your vet.

Worms - ‘Panacur’ paste is recommended, to be given every 6months, it is in a syringe and easy to administer. This is especially useful for puppies, and when the dog is older ‘Drontal’ plus is a good wormer. Always be advised by your vet as to which wormer is the best for your dog.

A big thank you to Riccardo of Kashima for being the perfect little model, and his little daughter Carina for being a good girl in her bath.


Note: There are many different types of grooming equipment and many different treatments, the above are just what I am comfortable using and have done with success for many years. You will find you too will have favourite pieces of equipment that feel comfortable to you. The above article is just a guidance and I hope that it has helped you and informed you and answered any questions you may have had regarding the grooming of Bolognese. Remember that those few minutes a day make all the difference to your dog looking and feeling good.